If You Love This Planet, Dr. Helen Caldicott

To Our Listeners:

Please enjoy our archive of nearly 200 programs. After four-and-half-years on the air, If You Love This Planet ended with the broadcast of its last new episode on the week ending December 28, 2012.

I believe we made a valuable contribution to the public debate on any number of important issues over the years. I thoroughly enjoyed interviewing the most interesting and highly informed people on a variety of topics relevant to planetary and individual survival. I encourage you to listen to these still-timely conversations. The complete catalog of programs is on the Archives page.

A new book of 25 of the interviews called Loving This Planet may interest you. I am now concentrating on other new initiatives of The Helen Caldicott Foundation, including an international symposium held at the New York Academy of Medicine on March 11-12, 2013 titled, "The Medical and Ecological Consequences of Fukushima". You can watch the proceeds of the symposium here. I am also writing a new book which I hope will be published in 2014.

The program archives will continue to be available for downloading on this website.

Helen Caldicott, M.D.

ON THIS WEEK'S SHOW

May 18th, 2012

Arnold Gundersen with a new report on the Fukushima meltdowns and their worldwide implications

 

Arnie Gundersen

Arnie Gundersen

This week Dr Caldicott welcomes back nuclear engineer Arnold Gundersen for yet another update on the stricken Fukushima plant which suffered multiple nuclear meltdowns in 2011. As background, read the May 5 article Thousands March as Japan Shuts off Nuclear Power, for Now: Japan goes nuke free for first time in four decades amidst pressure to restart and the April 7 article Fukushima Reactor 4: Life On Planet Earth in the Balance. They discuss the vulnerabilities of each of the four damaged reactors including the worldwide implications if much more radiation is released, and the psychological effects on the Japanese of the disaster. They also talk about California’s two nuclear power plants, both right on Read the rest of this entry »

May 11th, 2012

Richard Broinowski on the U.S. stance toward North Korea and Iran, and more on Fukushima

 

Broinowski

Broinowski

In this episode, Dr. Caldicott has another chat with academic and author, Richard Broinowski, adjunct professor in media and communications at the University of Sydney. Prof. Broinowski, Dr. Caldicott’s brother, is also a retired Australian diplomat who was posted in Tokyo, Rangoon and Tehran, and served as Australian Ambassador to Vietnam, Republic of Korea, Mexico, the Central American Republics and Cuba. Broinowski is the author of three books, with a fourth due to appear this October, on the nuclear disaster at Fukushima and its implications for Japan and the international nuclear industry. Broinowski and Dr. Caldicott discuss the history of U.S. involvement with Read the rest of this entry »

May 4th, 2012

Hugh Gusterson on U.S. war culture, the destruction of Iraq and the psychology of weapons designers

 

Hugh Gusterson

Gusterson

In this fascinating conversation, respected anthropologist, author and lecturer Professor Hugh Gusterson from George Mason University delves into the psychology of nuclear weapons scientists, and the culture of war. Prof. Gusterson has studied those who design nuclear weapons and those who fight to abolish them in field research conducted in the U.S. and Russia. Read five articles by Prof. Gusterson for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists: An education in occupation (which Dr. Caldicott mentions on the program), The new abolitionists, Weapons labs and the inconvenient truth, The lessons of Fukushima, and The costs of war. Listen to Dr. Caldicott’s earlier conversation with Prof. Gusterson.

April 27th, 2012

Best of 2012: Seymour Hersh and John Pilger on U.S. imperialism, Iran’s imaginary nuclear weapons, and media complicity in war

 

Seymour Hersh

Seymour Hersh

This week, we hear a repeat of Dr. Caldicott’s January 2012 conversations with two noted journalists: Seymour Hersh, an American Pulitzer-Prize winning investigative writer based in Wahington D.C., and Australian documentary filmmaker John Pilger, two-time recipient of Britain’s Journalist of the Year award. In the first segment, Dr. Caldicott asks Hersh about his November 2011 article Iran and the I.A.E.A. They discuss the lack of evidence of Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons program. Other topics include how the U.S. government manipulates information to justify its belligerent stance toward Iran, and why the U.S. media never questions the Read the rest of this entry »

April 20th, 2012

Prof. Doug Brugge on the medical effects of uranium mining and how mining particularly harms Native peoples

 

Prof. Doug Brugge

Prof. Doug Brugge

This week’s guest is Doug Brugge, a professor in the Department of Public Health and Community Medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston, Massachusetts. He is the author of The Navajo People and Uranium Mining and the associate editor of the Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. His research includes studies of asthma; the impact of culture and language on health communication; the impact of environmental tobacco smoke; traffic pollution and cardiovascular disease; and the impact of uranium mining and processing on Native Americans. Prof. Brugge and Dr. Caldicott cover how they both started their Read the rest of this entry »

April 13th, 2012

Glenn Carroll on the urgency of fighting new nuclear power plants in Georgia

 

Glenn Carroll

Glenn Carroll

This week, Dr. Caldicott interviews long-time antinuclear activist Glenn Carroll, coordinator of Nuclear Watch South, headquartered in Atlanta, GA. Carroll has been committed to grass roots direct action for 25 years, ever since the 1986 Chernobyl meltdown in Russia inspired her to join efforts to stop Vogtle 1 and 2, a nuclear power plant in Waynesboro, Georgia. With a small group of volunteers, Carroll led Nuclear Watch South to shut the research reactor on the Georgia Tech campus in downtown Atlanta where the Olympic athletes were to be housed. She is the 2008 recipient of the Tides Foundation’s Jane Bagley Lehmann award. In this conversation with Dr. Caldicott, Carroll explains the danger posed by the third and fourth reactors approved for construction at the Read the rest of this entry »

April 6th, 2012

Mary Olson on how women are more vulnerable to atomic radiation

 

Mary Olson

Mary Olson

This week’s guest is biologist Mary Olson, Southeast Regional Coordinator with the Nuclear Information and Resource Service (NIRS) in the U.S., an organization that provides information to citizens concerned about nuclear power, radioactive waste, radiation and sustainable energy issues. In her 21st year of this work, Olson has come to focus on the disproportionate impact that exposure to ionizing radiation has on women and children. Her recent paper entitled “Atomic Radiation is More Harmful to Women” reveals information the National Academy of Sciences BEIR (Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation) VII report includes, but does not discuss.

March 30th, 2012

Best of 2010: Natalie Wasley on how the nuclear fuel cycle harms people in Australia and worldwide

 

Natalie Wasley (indymedia)

Natalie Wasley (indymedia)

This week, we hear a repeat of Dr. Caldicott’s 2010 interview with Australian Natalie Wasley, coordinator of the Beyond Nuclear Initiative based at the Arid Lands Environment Center in the Northern Territory of Australia. Wasley has travelled extensively over the last 10 years, meeting with communities in Australia and overseas who have been impacted by every stage of the nuclear chain, from uranium exploration and mining through to nuclear weapons. The current focus of the Beyond Nuclear Initiative project is working with Aboriginal Traditional Owners who are opposed to the Australian federal government plan to force a radioactive waste dump on their traditional country. Read the rest of this entry »

March 23rd, 2012

Prof. Lawrence Wittner on reenergizing the nuclear disarmament movement

 

Prof. Wittner

Prof. Wittner

This week’s guest is Professor Lawrence S. Wittner, an award-winning American historian, writer, and activist for peace and social justice. Prof. Wittner is the author or editor of a dozen books including Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement and his recently published autobiography Working for Peace and Justice: Memoirs of an Activist Intellectual. He is also the writer of over 250 published articles and book reviews, mostly on issues of peace, war, and international relations. Prof. Wittner is a former editor of Peace & Change: A Journal of Peace Research. Currently, he is a national board member of Peace Action and the executive secretary of the Albany County Central Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO. Read Prof. Wittner’s March 2012 Huffington Post article How I Happened to Write My Memoirs. Check out other articles by Wittner on huffingtonpost.com.

March 15th, 2012

Dr. Margaret Flowers on demanding single-payer health care for everyone in the U.S.

 

Dr. Flowers

Dr. Flowers

This week’s guest is Margaret Flowers, a pediatrician and mother of 3 teenagers from Baltimore, M.D. Dr. Flowers left medical practice in 2007 to advocate full-time for single-payer health care. She served as Congressional Fellow for Physicians for a National Health Program and is on the board of Healthcare-Now. Dr. Flowers has organized and participated in protests for health care, peace and economic justice which have included arrests for non-violent resistance. She was an initial organizer of the October 2011 Occupy Washington, DC. protests. She is co-director of It’s Our Economy. Also be sure to watch Dr. Flowers’s interview on Bill Moyers’s program, Medicare for All.

March 9th, 2012

Prof. Richard Broinowski on his travels to Japan post-Fukushima and how the nuclear disaster is affecting the country

 

Broinowski

Broinowski

In this episode, Dr. Caldicott talks with academic and author, Richard Broinowski, adjunct professor in media and communications at the University of Sydney. Broinowski, Dr. Caldicott’s brother, is also a retired Australian diplomat. After junior postings in Tokyo, Rangoon and Tehran, he was deputy chief of mission in the Australian Embassy, Manila. He has held positions as the Australian Ambassador to Vietnam (1983-85), Republic of Korea (1987-89), and to Mexico, the Central American Republics and Cuba (1994-97). Broinowski is the author of three books, with a fourth due to appear this October, on the nuclear disaster at Fukushima and its implications for Japan and the international nuclear industry. In this timely discussion, Broinowski describes his travels throughout the regions of Japan most affected by the Fukushima disaster as well as Tokyo, and how the Japanese people and government are responding to the nuclear crisis in different ways. He also touches on the U.S. relationship with North Korea toward the end of the hour.

March 2nd, 2012

Prof. Michel Chossudovsky on the U.S.-NATO bombing of Libya and targeting of Iran for another oil war

 

Michel Chossudovsky

Michel Chossudovsky

Dr. Caldicott interviews Michel Chossudovsky, the Founder and Director of the Center for Research on Globalization in Montreal, and Professor of Economics (Emeritus) at the University of Ottawa. Professor Chossudovsky’s new e-book is entitled Towards a World War III Scenario: The Dangers of Nuclear War (2011). He has taught as Visiting Professor at universities in Western Europe, South East Asia and Latin America, acted as an adviser to governments of developing countries and as a consultant for several international organizations. In this discussion,
Prof. Chossudovsky gives his perspective on America’s war on Libya, its willingness to use nuclear weapons preemptively on various nations, its aggressive stance toward Iran which could lead to another war in the name of oil, and how multiple Mideast wars could ignite a larger nuclear conflict involving major world powers. Read Prof. Chossudovsky and Finian Cunningham’s March 2012 article War Plan Iran: Dispelling the Lies, Telling the Truth about Western Aggression in the Persian Gulf. Also read his December 2011 article Preparing to Attack Iran with Nuclear Weapons: “No Option can be taken off the Table.”. Don’t miss hearing this vitally important program.

February 24th, 2012

Ronnie Cummins on safeguarding healthy food against genetic engineering, pesticides and other threats

 

Ronnie Cummins

Ronnie Cummins

This week, Dr. Caldicott talks with Ronnie Cummins, founder and director of the Organic Consumers Association (OCA), a non-profit, U.S. based network of 850,000 consumers, dedicated to safeguarding organic standards and promoting a sustainable system of agriculture and commerce. Cummins has been active as a writer and activist since the 1960s, with extensive experience in human rights, anti-war, anti-nuclear, consumer, environmental, and sustainable agriculture campaigns. As background, read Cummins’s January 27 article The Organic Elite Surrenders to Monsanto: What Now?

February 17th, 2012

Michael Pollok on removing corporate money from politics and creating a true U.S. democracy

 

Michael Pollok

Michael Pollok

This week’s guest is Michael Pollok, an experienced criminal defense litigator who focuses his practice on matters in federal and New York state courts, as well as regulatory investigations and hearings. Pollok is one of a new movement of activists who are focused on reform, not revolution. He has recently been affiliated with two non-profit groups: Reasonable Solutions OWS Philadelphia, and the 99% Declaration Working Group, which have announced a National General Assembly to convene in Philadelphia the week of July 4, 2012. The 99% Declaration Working group invites participation from anyone interested in removing money from U.S. politics. The 99% Declaration is document which originated from one of the working groups of the Occupy Wall Street movement in New York City in 2011.

February 11th, 2012

Arnold Gundersen with the first 2012 Fukushima update; more of Dr. Caldicott’s 2011 speech in Berlin

 

Arnie Gundersen

Arnie Gundersen

This week Dr Caldicott receives another update on Fukushima from nuclear engineer Arnold Gundersen. After this conversation, we hear an excerpt of Dr. Caldicott’s lecture at a conference on Chernobyl in Berlin in April 2011. Read the February news articles Fukushima Nuclear Plant at High Risk for Major Earthquake: Scientists issue call for safeguards to prevent another nuclear disaster and Fears Growing as Fukushima Reactor Temperature Rising. Also relevant are three 2012 articles: Temperature Soars Mysteriously Inside Fukushima Nuclear Reactor; Japan’s Nuclear Exclusion Zone Shows Few Signs of Life, Fukushima: A Nuclear War without a War: The Unspoken Crisis of Worldwide Nuclear Radiation and French Scientists: Childhood Leukemia Spikes Near Nuclear Reactors. Visit Dr. Caldicott’s websites NuclearFreePlanet.org and HelenCaldicott.com, and read her book Nuclear Power is Not the Answer.

February 3rd, 2012

Father Laurence Mooney on finding one’s own spirituality and contributing to social justice

 

Father Mooney

Father Mooney

In this episode, Dr. Caldicott interviews Father Laurence Mooney, an Augustinian priest based in Melbourne, Australia. For the past five years, Father Mooney has worked in the boutique Augustinian seminary in Brookvale, Sydney, attending to the academic, vocational, spiritual, communal and language needs of young men aspiring to be Augustinian priests in Vietnam or Australia. He has lectured on spirituality in various countries, and worked with religious groups from around the world on social justice issues. Longer show description to follow.

January 27th, 2012

Kono Taro on Japan’s reaction to the Fukushima nuclear disaster

 

Kono Taro

Kono Taro

This week, Dr. Caldicott speaks with Kono Taro for an in-depth look at Japan’s reaction to the Fukushima meltdown. Mr. Kono is Director General of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party’s International bureau and a fifth-term Member of the House of Representatives in Japan. He is especially critical of the government’s pursuit of a so-called ‘closed’ nuclear fuel cycle whereby plutonium is extracted from spent fuel by nuclear waste re-processing within Japan. Mr. Kono also opposes the building of new nuclear power plants as the government has not dealt with the nuclear-waste issue. Some of the topics Dr. Caldicott and Mr. Kono discuss are the Read the rest of this entry »

January 20th, 2012

Seymour Hersh and John Pilger on U.S. imperialism, Iran’s imaginary nuclear weapons, and media complicity in war

 

Seymour Hersh

Seymour Hersh

This week Dr. Caldicott talks to two noted journalists: Seymour Hersh, an American Pulitzer-Prize winning investigative writer based in Wahington D.C., and Australian documentary filmmaker John Pilger, two-time recipient of Britain’s Journalist of the Year award. In the first segment, Dr. Caldicott asks Hersh about his November 2011 article Iran and the I.A.E.A. They discuss the lack of evidence of Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons program. Other topics include how the U.S. government manipulates information to justify its belligerent stance toward Iran, and why the U.S. media never questions the Read the rest of this entry »

January 13th, 2012

Dr. Jim Green on Australia’s role in the nuclear weapons and nuclear power dangers around the world

 

Jim Green

Dr. Jim Green

Dr. Caldicott interviews Dr. Jim Green this week. Dr. Green is the national nuclear campaigner for Friends of the Earth Australia, a federation of independent local groups working for a socially equitable and environmentally sustainable future. His Ph.D. thesis dealt with the history of the Lucas Heights nuclear plant in Sydney, and the debate over the replacement of its nuclear research reactor. Dr. Green is also a member of the Energy Science Coalition. Among the topics Dr. Green and
Dr. Caldicott discuss are how Australia contributes to the U.S. nuclear-war fighting organization, how Australia having 40% of the world’s richest uranium contributes to nuclear weapons proliferation and Read the rest of this entry »

January 6th, 2012

Dr. Reese Halter on global warming and why you should care about bark beetles, forests and honeybees

 

Dr. Reese Halter

Dr. Reese Halter

In this episode of If You Love This Planet, Dr. Caldicott talks with conservation biologist Dr. Reese Halter.
Dr. Reese, as he is known, is a distinguished biologist who describes himself as an “Earth Doctor.” For more that 20 years, Dr. Reese has studied nature in both hemispheres. He currently teaches at California Lutheran University in Thousand Oaks, California. Dr. Reese founded Global Forest Science, a conservation institute which educates children about ecology. He is also a broadcaster and author of seven books Read the rest of this entry »

December 30th, 2011

Christine Milne on the failed Durban climate summit and the politics of global warming

 

Christine Milne

Christine Milne (ABC)

Australian Greens Senator Christine Milne talks with Dr. Caldicott about her recent involvement in climate talks in Durban. In the interview, Sen. Milne explains why the Durban summit was a failure in terms of any meaningful agreement for the industrial world to cut emissions, and which countries and industries manipulated the outcomes of the conference. Relevant to the conversation are the articles Australian Green Party Leader: U.S. Climate Denial Machine “Being Directed Straight into Australia” Via Murdoch’s News Corp Read the rest of this entry »

December 23rd, 2011

Arnold Gundersen with a fresh report on Fukushima

 

Arnie Gundersen

Arnie Gundersen

This week, Dr. Caldicott and Arnold Gundersen, a nuclear energy consultant with Fairewinds Associates, have another look at how the Fukushima disaster is affecting Japan, and how the U.S. nuclear industry continues its plans to build new plants in America. As background for today’s program, read the recent articles Mothers Rise Against Nuclear Power in Japan, Nuclear Russian Roulette in California: Dr. Helen Caldicott and Dan Hirsch Warn How Accident at San Onofre Would Trap Eight Million People, and Fukushima Shutdown Still At Least 40 Years Away. Be sure to visit Gundersen’s website for many articles, reports, videos and Read the rest of this entry »

December 16th, 2011

Dr. Helen Caldicott’s speech in New Hampshire

 

Dr. Helen Caldicott

Dr. Caldicott

This episode feature a lecture by Dr. Caldicott at the retirement community of Kendal in Hanover, New Hampshire, on March 31, 2011. The program was recorded just two weeks after the Fukushima disaster. Early in her presentation, Dr. Caldicott mentions the book Radioactive: Marie and Pierre Curie: A Tale of Love and Fallout. She mentions her debate with English writer George Monbiot a month after Fukushima. Read Dr. Caldicott’s article How Nuclear Apologists Mislead the World Over Radiation. She also refers to her book Nuclear Power is Not the Answer. Some of the topics Dr. Caldicott covers in her Read the rest of this entry »

December 9th, 2011

Best of 2010: Bill McKibben on global warming, green energy and localized economies

 

Bill McKibben

Bill McKibben

This week, we hear a repeat of Dr. Caldicott’s October 2010 interview with Bill McKibben about global warming, alternative energy and the growing need for more localized economies. Author, educator and environmentalist McKibben was described in 2010 by the Boston Globe as “probably the nation’s leading environmentalist” and Time magazine described him as “the world’s best green journalist. McKibben’s books include Eaarth: Making Life on a Tough New Planet, Deep Economy, Fight Global Warming Now and The End of Nature. In 2009 he led the organization of 350.org, which Read the rest of this entry »

December 2nd, 2011

Dr. Timothy Mousseau with more about Chernobyl’s effect on wildlife / Dr. Caldicott’s speech in Berlin

 

Dr. Mousseau

Mousseau

This week’s guest is Dr. Timothy Mousseau, a professor
of biological sciences at the University of South Carolina. For the past 12 years, Dr. Mousseau and his colleagues have been studying the ecological impacts of the Chernobyl disaster on wild plant and animal populations living in the so-called zone of alienation surrounding the destroyed nuclear power plant. Dr. Mousseau is considered one of the leading world authorities concerning the impacts of low-dose radiation on natural ecosystems. For background, check out Read the rest of this entry »

November 25th, 2011

Steve Omohundro on the future of artificial intelligence and its ethical implications

 

Steve Omohundro

Steve Omohundro

Dr Caldicott interviews Steve Omohundro, a computer scientist specializing in artificial intelligence. From 1986 to 1988, Omohundro was an Assistant Professor of Computer science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and cofounder of the Center for Complex Systems Research. He is now President of Self-Aware Systems in Palo Alto, California. Omohundro has been an advisor to the Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence since April 2007, and has had a wide-ranging career as a scientist, professor, author, Read the rest of this entry »

November 18th, 2011

Robert Koehler on U.S. warmaking, the role of the media and the roots of violence

 

Robert Koehler

Robert Koehler

This week on If You Love This Planet, Dr. Caldicott talks with journalist Robert Koehler, who writes a nationally syndicated column for the Chicago Tribune. As the Bush administration unleashed its war on terror, Koehler became increasingly focused on current events, and refers to the column as “part political brawl, part secular prayer.” Koehler has won awards for his writing from the National Newspaper Association, Suburban Newspapers of America, and the Chicago Headline Club. He is the author of Courage Grows Strong at the Wound (published by Xenos Press), a collection of his essays. Read the rest of this entry »

November 11th, 2011

Arnold Gundersen with another Fukushima report as radiation levels rise in Japan

 

Arnie Gundersen

Gundersen

This week, Dr. Caldicott once again chats with Arnold Gundersen, a nuclear energy consultant with Fairewinds Associates, about the ongoing situation at the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. As background for today’s program, read the recent news articles Nuclear Expert Cites New Concerns about Westinghouse Reactor Design Based on Fukushima Disaster and Women Fight to Save Fukushima’s Children. Read the Fairewinds
report released November 2011, Fukushima and the Westinghouse-Toshiba AP1000. Read the rest of this entry »

November 4th, 2011

Robert Alvarez on the horrific hazards of spent nuclear fuel and the unprecedented Fukushima catastrophe

 

Robert Alvarez

Robert Alvarez

In this episode, Dr. Caldicott talks with Robert Alvarez, a Senior Scholar at the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) in Washington, D.C. Alvarez is an award-winning author and has published articles in prominent publications such as Science Magazine, the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, Technology Review and The Washington Post. He and Dr. Caldicott discuss the tremendous hazards of spent nuclear fuel rods at nuclear power plants, the potential for a catastrophic fire in a fuel pool, and the unprecedented Fukushima disaster. As background, read the May 24 IPS press release Expert Cautions that 30 Million Spent Nuclear Fuel Rods Are Unsafely Stored in United States, Read the rest of this entry »

October 28th, 2011

Dr. Helen Caldicott’s recent speech about the medical dangers of the Nuclear Age and the Fukushima disaster


 

Dr. Helen Caldicott

Dr. Caldicott

This episode of If You Love This Planet features a lecture host Dr. Helen Caldicott delivered October 16, 2011 at the International Integrative Medical Conference in Sydney, Australia. Dr. Caldicott explains the medical dangers of the nuclear fuel cycle, including uranium mining, and talks about the current situation at the devastated Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan, as well as the poliltical situation in the U.S., the threat of nuclear war and global warming. As background, read Dr. Caldicott’s books Read the rest of this entry »

October 21st, 2011

Ian Fairlie on the significance of the Fukushima disaster

 

Ian Fairlie

Dr. Ian Fairlie

Dr. Ian Fairlie joins Dr. Caldicott on the program in this interview recorded in July, a few months after the Fukushima accident. Dr. Fairlie is a radiobiologist from Great Britain. He works as an independent consultant in the field of radioactivity in the environment and advises environmental organizations, the European Parliament as well as local and national authorities in several countries. Dr. Fairlie studied chemistry at the University of Western Ontario in Canada and radiobiology at Barts Medical College in London. Read the rest of this entry »

October 14th, 2011

Col. Ann Wright on opposing war and U.S. military corruption

 

Col. Ann Wright

Col. Ann Wright

Dr. Caldicott interviews Ann Wright, a diplomat and retired U.S. Army colonel. Col. Wright is also a peace activist and co-author of Dissent: Voices of Conscience, published by Koa books in 2007. She holds a Master’s degree in Law, and a Master’s degree in National Security Affairs from the U.S. Naval War College. In 1987, Col. Wright joined the Foreign Service and served as U.S. Deputy Ambassador in Sierra Leone, Micronesia, Afghanistan, and Mongolia. She received the State Department’s Award for Heroism for her actions during the evacuation of 2,500 people from the civil war in Sierra Leone. Read the rest of this entry »